Researchers reported that the $2 billion Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) may have detected particles produced by “cosmic glue” the dark matter, which makes up 27% of our universe. Image © NASA
These are the Earliest Views yet of the Universe by Hubble Space Telescope. Astronomers found a group of very young galaxies that formed when the universe was just 3 percent of its age. Image credit: NASA, ESA, R. Ellis (Caltech), and the UDF 2012 Team
This computer animation (after the jump), created using new software called Arepo, simulates 9 billion years of our universe history. The new software can accurately follow the birth and evolution of thousands of galaxies over billions of years. Credit: CfA/UCSD/HITS/M. Vogelsberger (CfA) & V. Springel
Researchers at JPL and Caltech have developed an instrument for exploring the universe and the quantum world. This new type of amplifier (a device that increases the strength of a weak signal) boosts electrical signals and can be used for everything from studying stars, galaxies and black holes to exploring the quantum world and developing quantum computers. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
The two galaxies called NGC 3314 by Hubble Space Telescope, look as if they are colliding, but they are actually separated by tens of millions of light-years, or about ten times the distance between our Milky Way and the neighboring Andromeda galaxy. Image Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration, and W. Keel (University of Alabama)
The year of exoplanets. The Kepler space observatory to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars. The spacecraft, named in honor of the 17th-century German astronomer Johannes Kepler,was launched in March 2009.
This artist’s conception illustrates Kepler-22b, a planet known to comfortably circle in the habitable zone of a sun-like star. It is the first planet that NASA’s Kepler mission has confirmed to orbit in a star’s habitable zone — the region around a star where liquid water, a requirement for life on Earth, could persist…