evidence for Cosmic Inflation

Astronomers announced a major breakthrough concerning Cosmic Inflation, explaining how the universe began. A finding confirming the cosmos grew to a vast size in its very first moments.

Image above: The telescope BICEP2 (Background Imaging of cosmic Extragalactic Polarisation) at the south pole, shown here in the foreground with the South Pole Telescope in the background.   Image: Steffen Richter / Harvard University.

Top image: The BICEP2 facility at the South Pole.  Image: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

Scientists using the BICEP2 telescope, may have detected a twist in light from the early universe.

They found pattern which they believe was caused by gravitational waves, looking at “specific patterns in light waves within the faint microwave glow left from the Big Bang.”

The finding has been compared in significance to the detection of the Higgs boson.

If the theory been proven correct, professor Andre Lindei, known as the ‘father of inflation’, most probably will be announced for a Nobel prize.

Astronomer John Kovac of Harvard, who led the team announcing the discovery today, said in a press release:

“Detecting this signal is one of the most important goals in cosmology today,”

Cosmic Inflation (5)

The intensity of B-modes in the cosmic microwave background found by the BICEP2 telescope (top) provides strong evidence for quantum gravitational effects during the process of cosmic inflation (Image: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)

Evidence for Cosmic Inflation (4)

Graduate student Justus Brevik tests the BICEP2 readout electronics. Image: Steffen Richter / Harvard University

Evidence for Cosmic Inflation (3)

This graphic shows the universe as it evolved from the Big Bang to now. The 14-billion-year-long history of our universe.   Image: NASA

Evidence for Cosmic Inflation (2)

A full-sky map of the oldest light in the universe. Colors indicate ‘warmer’ (red) and ‘cooler’ (blue) spots. Image: EPA

via universetoday,  wired