Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport is situated in a growing industrial and tourist region and was first opened in 1991. The new 400,000m² terminal is called T3 or terminal 3 and will be constructed in three phases with a final capacity of 40 million passengers a year.
Shenzhen is one of the most important industrial locations as well as a very popular tourist destination in China. The fast developing city is located in the south of the Guangdong Province, neighbouring the Pearl River delta and Hong Kong. Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport is the fourth largest following Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou in China.
In 2008 Massimiliano and Doriana Fuksas Architects won the international competition for the extension of the airport with the design of Terminal 3.
The concept of the project provokes the image of a sculpture with its organic shape. The structure of the building is in steel with a concrete substructure. The skin that envelops the structure, both on the inside and on the outside, shows the honeycomb motive.
The 300,000 m2 facade is made of metal panels and glass panels of different size that can be partially opened.
They follow the honeycomb motive. The building has a roof construction with spans up to 80 m. Through its double layer, the skin allows the natural light to filter and create light plays. The terminal and concourse constitute the major portion of the passengers perception of an airport.
Concourse area is one of the key areas at the airport and it is composed of three levels. Each level is dedicated to independent functions: departure, arrival, and services. On the ground floor, the plaza provides access to the departures and arrivals as well as to the caf豠and restaurants, offices and facilities for business meetings. Travelers reach the Terminal at level 14.40 m.
The spatial concept of interior is one of fluidity. It combines two different ideas: the idea of movement and the idea of pause. The honeycomb, developed in the suspended structure, is translated into the interior and quoted in different scales throughout the building. Retail boxes introduce the honeycomb idea in a bigger scale and will be repeated, in slightly different articulation, in the concourse. In the most public and open spaces, the honeycomb can be found as a 3D imprint in the wall cover as well as in the suspended ceiling.
Massimiliano Fuksas Architects