Understandably, there is a lot of panic surrounding the Ebola outbreak currently ravaging West. Ebola is a virus, so it is only reproduced inside the cells.
The virus breaks down the basic infrastructure of the body, causing blood and fluids to be leaked out of the circulatory system, causing cells to die from oxygen starvation, and massive fluid loss from vomiting and diarrhea.
Top virologist Dr Ben Neuman from the University of Reading explains:
The virus messes around with the immune system, hiding itself inside the very cells designed to recognise it, and killing them off quickly and efficiently. Even if some of the immune cells do notice the damage it’s causing, the breakdown of the circulatory system makes it really hard for them to get to where they need to be.
Bats are the main host of Ebola who pass it on to other animals which then pass it onto humans.