The world’s first fully artificial, self-regulating heart was successfully transplanted into a 75-year old man by French surgeon Alain Carpentier. This could bridge chronic organ donor shortages.
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This extraordinary artificial heart took 30 years to develop and it mimics muscle contractions and contains sensors that adapt the blood flow to a patient’s movement.
The artificial heart is made from a range of “biomaterials” that include bovine tissue and it is said that the heart is less likely to produce blood clots. In addition, it reduces the risk of being rejected by the host.
The problem is that for now, this artificial heart weighs three times as much and is incompatible with 14 percent of men and 80 percent of women. Obviously, there are plans for a smaller model.