Geo-engineering is the advanced process, and it encompasses various propositions and man-made schemes, that can tepidly or even radically alter the Earth’s own climate; and it is very real.
The National Academy of Sciences defined geo-engineering as:
“… options that would involve large-scale engineering of our environment in order to combat or counteract the effects of changes in atmospheric chemistry.”
Helps in reducing the global warming:
The Solar Radiation Management (SRM) projects aims to mitigate the amount and intensity of sunlight hitting the Earth.
Greenhouse gas remediation:
Such projects aspire to remove greenhouse gases from atmosphere directly or indirectly.
Such hydrological geoengineering projects aim to change the climate without removing greenhouse gases.
In this ingenious proposal, vertical ocean pipes would be utilized to mix cooler deep water and warmer surface water.
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