Paparoa National Park on New Zealand’s west coast near the small town of Punakaiki is renowned for its limestone cliffs and karst phenomena such as caves and underground streams. Photographer: Enver Murad
Formation of the famous Pancake Rocks began during the Tertiary period when carbonate-rich fragments of marine plant and animal skeletons were deposited on the seabed some 30 million years ago.
The resultant alternating layers of hard and soft limestone and mudstone were eventually solidified and raised above sea level. Wind, rain and acidic waters finally carved today’s spectacular formations out of the solid rock, giving the appearance of stacked pancakes.