Shanghai Oriental Sports Center by Hamburg-based studio gmp Architekten, is now complete. The complex will be inaugurated with the 14th FINA World swimming championships. Constructed in under two and half years, the design is the result of an International competition held in 2008. Photographer: Marcus Bredt
The FINA Swimming World Championship in July 2011 will be a spectacular event for Shanghai. All constructive measures are planned not only for this event but also for the future use where special attention has been made in the design process. The stadium is designed as a multi-functional venue for all kind of sports, culture and leisure activities representing a unique attraction in the following years and decades.
The roof structure is a 170 m wide span steel construction, clad in white aluminium surfaces. The parallel steel trusses are developing 35m high arcades to north and south, surrounding the glass facades of the circulating open foyers.
Spectators will enter the indoor stadium from the raised plaza (+11.00 m). The circulating and light-flooded lobby areas will lead the spectators to the lower stands of the arena or the upper seating. In between the upper and lower stands a VIP level is installed to provide 36 single VIP boxes. These private rooms are accessible via several elevators connecting VIP drop-off and the individual parking lots in the basement with the VIP area.
Furthermore the indoor stadium provides a VVIP area with several spacious meeting rooms and service facilities. This area is connected to the VVIP seating placed in the lower stands and provides a large lobby and reception space within the basement, so safe and comfortable access is provided.
Spectators, VIP, VVIP, athletes and deliveries are completely separated in order to ensure a save and quick access and at the same time a cost-effective operation of the venue.
The regular capacity of the fixed stadium seating is laid out for 14.000 persons. Since the design of this multifunction hall should follow the NBA standard, 18.000 spectator seats are required. This will be reached by addition of 4.000 mobile stands, so events as boxing, basketball, badminton or concerts can be held with the maximum capacity of spectators. For the FINA Swimming World Cup the venue will host 14.000 persons, as the mobile stands can’t be used during the installation of the pool.
The indoor stadium defined by a circular footprint is an indoor building with a pedestal structure made of reinforced concrete and a roof structure made of structural steel. The climatic separation between indoor and outdoor climate is mainly realized with a façade structure attached to the steel structure.
The roof structure is defined by an outer diameter of almost 170 m representing the envelope in plan view. Altogether ten modules are aligned in one row and linked together at the outer tips of cantilever. Always two modules are geometrically identical. These pairs of module are arranged symmetrically with respect to the center line of the building. The outer modules show an overall height of 19 m, the modules in the center an overall height of 32 m. Moreover, the width of the modules increases from 8 to 20 m and the system length from 85 to 154 m (from the outer to the center module).