Io, the most volcanic body in the Solar System, is about the size of planet Earth’s single moon.
Although in the featured picture Io, 3,600 kilometers in diameter, appears to be located just in front of the swirling Jovian clouds, Io hurtles around its orbit once every 42 hours at a distance of 420,000 kilometers or so from the center of Jupiter. That puts Io nearly 350,000 kilometers above Jupiter’s cloud tops, roughly equivalent to the distance between Earth and Moon.
In July, NASA’s Juno satellite began orbiting Jupiter and will sometimes swoop to within 5,000 kilometers of Jupiter’s cloud tops.
Io (south pole) from Galileo and Voyager missions. Credit NASA
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