The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) found that about 80 percent of the human genome is biologically active, it’s not junk DNA (which was previously thought) and could have major bearing on genetic mutations and diseases. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons
The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project is the effort of hundreds of scientists for the past decade, to describe the workings of the human genome.
Yale University’s Mark Gerstein, a professor of biomedical informatics said: “We now have a parts list of what makes us human. What we are doing is figuring out the wiring diagram of how it all works.”