The Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 awarded to to Penrose, Genchel and Gez, pioneering in the research of black holes.
The Nobel Prize commission announcing the prize in Stockholm, explained:
“British Roger Penrose was honored with the famous prize because he discovered that the formation of a black hole is something that is predicted by the theory of general relativity, while German Reinhard Genchel and American Andrea Gez were honored for discovering a solid oversized object in the center of our galaxy.”
These three laureates share this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their discoveries about one of the most exotic phenomena in the universe, the black hole.
Roger Penrose showed that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes. Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez discovered that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy. A supermassive black hole is the only currently known explanation.
The prize is accompanied by a cash prize of $ 1.1 million.